6. Chain restaurants must post calorie content.

Obamacare requires restaurants with 20+ locations to list calorie content information for standard menu items on menus. Total calories, fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrates, sugars, fiber and total protein have to be made available in writing upon request.

Read the Law.

SEC. 4205. NUTRITION LABELING OF STANDARD MENU ITEMS AT CHAIN RESTAURANTS.

(a) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.—Section 403(q)(5)(A) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 343(q)(5)(A)) is amended—

(1) in subitem (i), by inserting at the beginning ‘‘except as provided in clause (H)(ii)(III),’’; and

(2) in subitem (ii), by inserting at the beginning ‘‘except as provided in clause (H)(ii)(III),’’.
(b) LABELING REQUIREMENTS.—Section 403(q)(5) of the Federal

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 343(q)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘‘(H) RESTAURANTS, RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS, AND VEND- ING MACHINES.—

‘‘(i) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR RESTAURANTS AND SIMI- LAR RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS.—Except for food described in subclause (vii), in the case of food that is a standard menu item that is offered for sale in a restaurant or similar retail food establishment that is part of a chain with 20 or more locations doing business under the same name (regardless of the type of ownership of the locations) and offering for sale substantially the same menu items, the restaurant or similar re- tail food establishment shall disclose the information described in subclauses (ii) and (iii).

‘‘(ii) INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE DISCLOSED BY RES- TAURANTS AND RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS.—Except as pro- vided in subclause (vii), the restaurant or similar retail food establishment shall disclose in a clear and conspicuous manner—

‘‘(I)(aa) in a nutrient content disclosure statement adjacent to the name of the standard menu item, so as to be clearly associated with the standard menu item, on the menu listing the item for sale, the number of calories contained in the standard menu item, as usually prepared and offered for sale; and

‘‘(bb) a succinct statement concerning suggested daily caloric intake, as specified by the Secretary by regulation and posted prominently on the menu and designed to en- able the public to understand, in the context of a total daily diet, the significance of the caloric information that is provided on the menu;

‘‘(II)(aa) in a nutrient content disclosure statement adjacent to the name of the standard menu item, so as to be clearly associated with the standard menu item, on the menu board, including a drive-through menu board, the number of calories contained in the standard menu item, as usually prepared and offered for sale; and

‘‘(bb) a succinct statement concerning suggested daily caloric intake, as specified by the Secretary by regulation and posted prominently on the menu board, designed to enable the public to understand, in the context of a total daily diet, the significance of the nutrition information that is provided on the menu board;
‘‘(III) in a written form, available on the premises of the restaurant or similar retail establishment and to the consumer upon request, the nutrition information required under clauses (C) and (D) of subparagraph (1); and

‘‘(IV) on the menu or menu board, a prominent, clear, and conspicuous statement regarding the availability of the information described in item (III).

‘‘(iii) SELF-SERVICE FOOD AND FOOD ON DISPLAY.—Except as provided in subclause (vii), in the case of food sold at a salad bar, buffet line, cafeteria line, or similar self-service facility, and for self-service beverages or food that is on display and that is visible to customers, a restaurant or similar retail food establishment shall place adjacent to each food offered a sign that lists calories per displayed food item or per serving.

‘‘(iv) REASONABLE BASIS.—For the purposes of this clause, a restaurant or similar retail food establishment shall have a reasonable basis for its nutrient content disclosures, including nutrient databases, cookbooks, laboratory analyses, and other reasonable means, as described in section 101.10 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation) or in a related guidance of the Food and Drug Administration.

‘‘(v) MENU VARIABILITY AND COMBINATION MEALS.—The Secretary shall establish by regulation standards for deter- mining and disclosing the nutrient content for standard menu items that come in different flavors, varieties, or combinations, but which are listed as a single menu item, such as soft drinks, ice cream, pizza, doughnuts, or children’s combination meals, through means determined by the Secretary, including ranges, averages, or other methods.

‘‘(vi) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.—If the Secretary deter- mines that a nutrient, other than a nutrient required under subclause (ii)(III), should be disclosed for the purpose of pro- viding information to assist consumers in maintaining healthy dietary practices, the Secretary may require, by regulation, dis- closure of such nutrient in the written form required under subclause (ii)(III).

‘‘(vii) NONAPPLICABILITY TO CERTAIN FOOD.—
‘‘(I) IN GENERAL.—Subclauses (i) through (vi) do not apply to—
‘‘(aa) items that are not listed on a menu or menu board (such as condiments and other items placed on the table or counter for general use);

‘‘(bb) daily specials, temporary menu items appearing on the menu for less than 60 days per calendar year, or custom orders; or

‘‘(cc) such other food that is part of a customary market test appearing on the menu for less than 90 days, under terms and conditions established by the Secretary.

 ‘‘(II) WRITTEN FORMS.—Subparagraph (5)(C) shall apply to any regulations promulgated under subclauses (ii)(III) and (vi).
‘‘(viii) VENDING MACHINES.—

‘‘(I) IN GENERAL.—In the case of an article of food sold from a vending machine that—

‘‘(aa) does not permit a prospective purchaser to examine the Nutrition Facts Panel before purchasing the article or does not otherwise provide visible nutrition information at the point of purchase; and

‘‘(bb) is operated by a person who is engaged in the business of owning or operating 20 or more vend- ing machines,

the vending machine operator shall provide a sign in close proximity to each article of food or the selection button that includes a clear and conspicuous statement disclosing the number of calories contained in the article.

‘‘(ix) VOLUNTARY PROVISION OF NUTRITION INFORMATION.— ‘‘(I) IN GENERAL.—An authorized official of any restaurant or similar retail food establishment or vending machine operator not subject to the requirements of this clause may elect to be subject to the requirements of such clause, by registering biannually the name and address of such restaurant or similar retail food establishment or vending machine operator with the Secretary, as specified

by the Secretary by regulation.
‘‘(II) REGISTRATION.—Within 120 days of enactment of

this clause, the Secretary shall publish a notice in the Federal Register specifying the terms and conditions for implementation of item (I), pending promulgation of regulations.

‘‘(III) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this sub- clause shall be construed to authorize the Secretary to re- quire an application, review, or licensing process for any entity to register with the Secretary, as described in such item.
‘‘(x) REGULATIONS.—

‘‘(I) PROPOSED REGULATION.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this clause, the Secretary shall promulgate proposed regulations to carry out this clause.

‘‘(II) CONTENTS.—In promulgating regulations, the Secretary shall—

‘‘(aa) consider standardization of recipes and methods of preparation, reasonable variation in serving size and formulation of menu items, space on menus and menu boards, inadvertent human error, training of food service workers, variations in ingredients, and other factors, as the Secretary determines; and

‘‘(bb) specify the format and manner of the nutrient content disclosure requirements under this sub- clause.
‘‘(III) REPORTING.—The Secretary shall submit to the

Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a quarterly report that de- scribes the Secretary’s progress toward promulgating final regulations under this subparagraph.

‘‘(xi) DEFINITION.—In this clause, the term ‘menu’ or ‘menu board’ means the primary writing of the restaurant or other similar retail food establishment from which a consumer makes an order selection.’’
(c) NATIONAL UNIFORMITY.—Section 403A(a)(4) of the Federal

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 343–1(a)(4)) is amended by striking ‘‘except a requirement for nutrition labeling of food which is exempt under subclause (i) or (ii) of section 403(q)(5)(A)’’ and inserting ‘‘except that this paragraph does not apply to food that is offered for sale in a restaurant or similar retail food establishment that is not part of a chain with 20 or more locations doing business under the same name (regardless of the type of ownership of the locations) and offering for sale substantially the same menu items unless such restaurant or similar retail food establishment complies with the voluntary provision of nutrition information requirements under section 403(q)(5)(H)(ix)’’.

(d) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in the amendments made by this section shall be construed—

(1) to preempt any provision of State or local law, unless such provision establishes or continues into effect nutrient con- tent disclosures of the type required under section 403(q)(5)(H) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (as added by sub- section (b)) and is expressly preempted under subsection (a)(4) of such section;

(2) to apply to any State or local requirement respecting a statement in the labeling of food that provides for a warning concerning the safety of the food or component of the food; or

(3) except as provided in section 403(q)(5)(H)(ix) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (as added by subsection (b)), to apply to any restaurant or similar retail food establishment other than a restaurant or similar retail food establishment described in section 403(q)(5)(H)(i) of such Act.


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